Search This Blog

Saturday, December 17, 2011

Timeline of the Downfall of the LCMS (Part 1)

I put the below table/timeline together over 10 years ago and it still is probably the most comprehensive listing of it's kind. See the end for a listing of the references I used. Year -->
This is part 1 covering 1921 - 1946.  See next post Part 2 for years 1947 - 1995.

 
Year
Mon/ day
Description
Document
Person
Source




Last update: 2/18/01 Lcmstimec.doc; 10/12/1999






1921
3/29
Graebner- Lutheran Witness article: 'Unionism without Unity is Treason'


Graebner
CTM 1961 pg 533
1923
06/01
Bente’s ‘Following Faith of Our Fathers at June convention


Bente
Tower p93
1923
12/03
Life insurance vote by faculty- NO except T. Graebner/Dau (ads in Walther Messenger, Alma Mater)


Graebner, Dau
Tower p110
1924
10/26
Cornerstone laying- new Sem. Bldg, KFUO 1st broadcast


Pieper, Behnken
Tower p243
1926


J.W. Behnken at dedication of new St. Louis seminary: '..in many theological institutions...some professors have joined the ranks of Moderns, evolutionists, higher critics, etc.  By the grace of God this shall never happen at our new Conc. Sem. (see 1958


Behnken
C.S. Meyer 'Hist Br Stmt' CTM 1960 pg 423
1926


Round Table secret meetings in Chicago w/ foreign missionaries, pastors, professors w/ Graebner as head: 'too strict application of Scripture, esp. Ro 16:17'


Graebner
HMF pg 44
1926
09/01
Walter A. Maier allowed Harvard doctorate study fall semester – sabbatical; faculty approved


WAM
CSM-LogCabin, pg 190
1926
10/01
WAM completes doctorate at Harvard – ‘request endorsed by faculty’;


WAM
Tower p190
1927
10/04
Martin Graebner ltr to Theo. Graebner: I wrote ‘very strong letter to Pfotenhauer about Kretsmann and Mueller and their ungodly degrees…” (Chicago Luth. Sem and Xenia Presbyterian Sem.)


PEK, JTM
Tower p191
1927
12/10
T. Graebner ltr to Martin Graebner: ‘On other hand I confessed intense misgivings regarding the entire matter of university degrees or their equivalent. 


Graebner, PEK, JTM
Tower p110
1927
12/28
Martin Graebner ltr to PEK: ‘I regard action of you & JTM as the beginning of the end of our orthodoxy. When the future church historian will trace the downfall of Mo. Lutheranism he will point to you two… not possible for you consistently to tell your students that all false doctrine is an abomination before the Lord, a thing they should avoid even to the extent of never attending a Sectarian church service…’


PEK
Tower p 192
1928
05/28
T. Graebner resolution – hold abeyance to university training for our prefs – present condition of large classes, too much work.


T. Graebner
Tower p191
1930


A.L.Conf. formed from Ohio, Iowa, Buffalo Synods




Fendt
1931
06/03

Franz Pieper dies



Pieper
Tower p184
1935


Theo Graebner writes "The Problem with Lutheran Union"; J.H.C. Fritz writes introduction


Th. Graebner (Fritz)
Fendt
1935


American Lutheran Publicy Bureau (started in 1914) campaigns for LWF membership thru 1960




Inter Nos  pg 47
1935


Missouri Committee on Lutheran Church Union meets 6 times thru 1938 with ALC Commission; eventually produces 'Declaration'




City pg 140
1935
3/13
Pastor J.E. Thoen (ELS) writes in Lutheran Sentinel: "...for the reason of our hope is based entirely and solely on the merits of Christ" against ULCA/ALC invitations




City pg 136f
1935
7/00
Missouri Convention: Theo Graebner prods resolution to confer with others




Fendt
1935
9/00
Theo Graebner visits mtg of Lutheran Editors & Publishing House Mgrs Assn(not yet member)




Fendt
1936


(and 1938)ULCA - Missouri mtg - verbal inspiration  Brief Stmt, verbal denied!




pg 28-29 Fendt
1936


ALC- Missouri discussions begin






1936


ELS synodical essay 'Unity, Union, and Unionism': we learned our lesson in 1917 and "the footsteps terrify" (this essay quotes Th. Laetsch CTM 1935 Jan. pg 8-10); approved by S.C. Conv in 1938 Watertown


Laetsch
City pg 137, 140
1936
2/11
First mtg of Inter-Synodical Comm (to further discuss after Chicago Theses unacceptable)
Chicago Theses


Fendt
1938


ALC-ULCA - Baltimore Declaration
Baltimore Declaration




1938


LC-MS Union Committe meets with ULCA- inspiration (per Brief Stmt) denied by ULCA




CTM 4/62, pg201
1938
10/14
ALC Conv. (Sandusky) adopts Brief Stmt but adds Declaration: Br. Stmt ok "in light or our Declaration"
Brief Stmt, Declaration


Fendt pg 18; City pg 142
1938
11/02
ELS Committee letter to J.W. Behnken: 1) remember unionism of ALC, 2) need clear official stmts, 3) insist on church practice




City 145
1938
12/00
ELS editors met with Missouri editors about union movement: nothing




City pg 145
1938
6/20
Missouri Convention(St. Louis) resolves 'qualified alter/pulpit fellowship' with ALC with Brief Statement and Declaration of ALC; OFFICIALLY TOLERATED ERROR/FALSE PRACTICE; advises Committee to reach full agreement on the very doctrines 'NOT DIVISIVE'




pg 45 Fendt; City pg 141f
1939


Oesch reports Der Lutheraner pg 170f L. Fuerbringer's concerns over 'discussions'; personal note expressed opposition to Committee recommendation


L.Fuerbringer, Wm. Oesch
CNE pg 2803 top rt
1939
1/01
CTM says Pieper noted for doctrinal clarity- study Brief Statement (and also those of ALC)




CTM 4/62, pg 202
1939
1/15
'The Crucible Jan/Feb: PARTING OF WAYS;with 1938 resolution; (Mar- April -W.M. Oesch): 'ALC and ULC 'Agreement' nullifies Brief Statement; Fuerbringer writes Oesch- 'I disagreed'
Declaration/ Pittsburgh Agreement
W.M. Oesch
CTM 4/62; CNE 2803; Recall'- pg 187;City 146
1939
2/16
ELS Committee met with Missouri Comm. on Luth Union to voice doctrinal basis: nothing




City pg 145
1939
4/00
Norwegian Synod writes "A Letter to Pastors/Profs of Missouri Synod": warns of unionism, verbal inspiration (based on Declaration- M. Reu)
Norwegian Letter


Document, CTM 4/62, pg 203
1939
9/29
ALC- Missouri 8th mtg -- ALC tries to explain Declaration (Apparent Wisconsin warning but Missouri doesn't listen)




Fendt
1940


ALC convention: contains letter from Missouri committee; Poppen opens w/o prayer in deference to Arndt, Engelder, K.Kretzmann




pg 49,34-35 Fendt
1940


ULCA convention not happy with Pittsburgh Agreement- verbal inspiration




pg 32-Fendt
1940
10/00
ALC convention (Detroit)- leans to Pittsburgh Agreement (ULCA should to!)




pg 34-35Fendt
1940
1/01
Confessional Lutheran publishes first issue- successor to Oesch's Crucible: 1938 resolution is source of problem, even Chicago Theses - early 1920s, discontinued late 1950s


Paul Burgdorf , Arthur Beck
HMF pg 46; OLC pg 12; City 146
1940
3/26
ALC brings ULCA-ALC resolutions (Pittsburgh Agreement-pg 32) to 9th mtg of Inter-Synodical Comm. -- No action taken.




Fendt
1940
6/00
Synodical Conf Conv Chicago: Missouri- no fellowship until we all agree; also frame ONE (?) document of agreement




City 146
1941


ALC president sends "invitation to meet" to ULCA




Fendt
1941
12/29
ELS Committee with other Synodical Conf. Committees- S.C. Ylvisaker reports: Engelder and Brommer stand firm, Missouri wrong to continue with ALC


Ylvisaker
City 149
1941
2/04
(also 5/13) Lutheran Witness reports on LC-MS- ALC conferences; guidelines prepped by CTM editorial staff; after study of Minneapolis Theses (1925), suggested Brief Statement
Minneapolis Theses (1925


CTM 4/62, pg 201
1941
6/00
Mo. Synod 'Reports and Memorials', Pittsburgh Agreement contains loopholes to deny verbal inspiration and inerrancy
Pittsburgh Agreement


CTM 4/62, pg 202
1941
7/00
Missouri conv in FtWayne: no to ALC request to address; -Missouri wants ONE document, but some statements of Brief Statement need more sharp definition or amplification; - No pulpit/alter fellowship; WAM given leave for ‘Lutheran Hour’




pg 50 Fendt; CTM 4/62 pg 203;City 147f; Tower p189
1942


ALC convention(Mendota):Missouri- Brief Stmt & Declaration , ULCA- Pittsburgh : 'Let's get together'




Fendt
1942


ULCA convention (Louisville): to ALC - 'Let's do it!'




Fendt
1942
5/00
ALC committee informed that Synodical Conf sister synods objecting




Fendt
1943


(thru 1947)All Lutheran" theo. profs met at Augustana (Rock Island)->Graebner & Arndt represent St. Louis. Mtgs also @ Dubuque, Philadelphia (Graebner's "coming out"), and Columbus.


GRAEBNER
pg 23,25-26 -Fendt
1943


Graebner/P.E. Kretzmann write "Toward Lutheran Union"


Graebner/ Kretzmann
Fendt
1943


Norwegian Synod requests Missouri to revoke 1938 'St. Louis Articles of Union' and let Brief Statement stand; -they accept Br. Stmt 'unreservedly'
Brief Statement


CTM 4/62 pg 203
1943


W. Arndt writes defense of ALC Declaration sentence "God purposes to justify those that have come to faith": everythings ok with ALC


Arndt
CTM 1943 v14 pg 787-791
1943
11/01
P.E. Kretzmann's first writings over concern unionism - reviewed Lutheran Outlook (also August, 1943 review of American Lutheran); did not name names yet


P.E. Kretzmann
OLC pg 18, 19
1943
2/11
LC-MS Committee on Doctrinal Unity: Engelder absent (later resigned) - 'useless to continue negotiations'; Arndt says faculty unanimous in continuing BUT Engelder voted neg. - some didn't vote - P.E. Kretzmann absent;


Engelder; PE Kretzmann; Arndt, Behnken
pg 62-64 Fendt
1943
2/12
(cont'd) LCMS Comm: K. Kretzmann disgusted BUT keep going; F.H. Brunn- resolved: ALC either chg or we stop; Behnken: No, let's ask - WHY?; 3 to 2 against (including Brommer) -NO vote; forced to meet ALC by Arndt/Behnken




pg 63-64 Fendt
1943
2/12
ALC-Missouri  1/2 day meeting (includes Behnken & Poppen)




pg 53, 64-65 Fendt
1943
2/12
New ALC committee meets- M. Reu's paper (Selective Fellowship)- Let's do it on basis of Declaration


Reu
pg 39 Fendt
1943
7/12
ELS memorializes Missouri for 1944 Conv: revoke 1938 Union Articles because of false doctrine on justification in "Declaration" and don't require full agreement; publishes special Lutheran Sentinel pointing out facts of M. Reu, Walther's teaching, etc.
Declaration
Ylvisaker
City 150f
1943
8/17
Graebner in Lutheran Witness reviews ELS 'Grace for Grace' and says Norwegian Lutheran Church didn't fall into false doctrine as feared (slap at ELS); Ylvisaker cried out against Graebner's "fairness" which ignores much false doctrine


Graebner, Ylvisaker
City 152f
1944


Concordia publishes L. Fuerbringer's reminiscences- no hint of rampant unionism all around


Fuerbringer


1944
10/09
ALC convention: 'Let's discuss Selective Fellowship before adopting'




Fendt
1944
2/15
Lutheran Witness editorial (Graebner/ Polack): Yochum of ALC is OK- unity not union




pg 65-67 Fendt
1944
4/00
Graebner/Arndt arrange joint mtg of St. Louis/Columbus faculties.  Graebner pays for big banquet- ALC men drunk.




pg 21, 24 Fendt
1944
5/09
Lutheran Witness editorial (Graebner): Yochum a friend! Brief Stmt not denied by ALC!




pg 67-68 Fendt
1944
5/26
ALC-Missouri (Reu dead) Arndt/FRITZ & Buehring/Hoessel drafted 'Doctrinal Affirmation'; "unifies Brief Statement & Declaration" - this was outgrowth of Missouri difficulties of Brief Statement attached to Declaration; demanded by sister synods of S.C.
Doctrinal Affirmation
Fritz
pg 53, 54 Fendt
1944
6/00
LC-MS Reports & Memorials pg 251: a pastoral conf. requests Brief Statement to be 'our clear Scriptural Confession'




CTM 4/62 pg 203
1944
6/21
Missouri Convention (Saginaw): Unable to act on Doctrinal Affirmation (not available yet); -Yochum of ALC addresses convention!; -N.L.C. membership discussed but closed; NEW Name- LC-MS (a SEGMENT  of Lutheran church); Behnken- 3 more years;


Yochum
pg 59, 69 Fendt
1944
6/28
(cont'd) ALC too chummy with ULCA; Pittsburgh Agreement inadequate; - reaffirmed 1938 resolution; - 'However JOINT PRAYER OK at intersynod. confs'; Boy Scouts issue left to congregations


Ylvisaker
pg 69 Fendt; HMF pg 46; City 148
1944
6/29
(con'd) Ylvisaker (ELS) addresses: You helped us in 1917, you have been true reps of true Church..stay pure; ELS memorial to revoke 1938 St. Louis Resolutions was brushed aside




City 154f, 156
1944
7/00
Ylvisaker of ELS ad


Ylvisaker
City 154
1945


Theo. Dierks (Morrison, IL?) writes Exam of Proposed Doctrinal Affirmation: same old errors (largely M. Reu- verbal, conversion/election, etc); A. V. Kuster wrote flyer summary (CTS File 756 - order from 'Rev. E. Wiedbusch, Elizabeth IL)
Doctrinal Affirmation
Dierks, Reu
Book by Dierks, no publisher
1945


J.H.C. Fritz Pastoral Theology book changes definition of unionism to add subjectivism; WELS uses this false idea in its statements


Fritz
HMF pg 47; City pg 158; Oesch letter to Naumann
1945
11/15
Behnken meets with Chicago Study Club discussing Statement of 44




OLC App A
1945
1/30
Chicago Study Club: Romoser w/ Lams of N.Ill. District met at Trinity - Oak Park; continued  to about 1956




OLC pg 14
1945
4/00
Graebner arranges joint mtg St. Louis/Columbus/WARTBURG (Iowa); Iowa denies inerrancy




pg 21, 25 Fendt
1945
6/09
Arndt's letter to Poppen - 'Let's talk (but NOT DOCTRINE!)


Arndt
pg 75 Fendt
1945
9/07
Graebner...prime mover in formulation/defense of "A STATEMENT OF 44"; Australians received it & Hamann (Snr) promoted it's false teaching
Statement of 44
Graebner, Arndt, Polack, Hoffman, etc
pg 21- Fendt; HMF pg 47, 58; City pg 160
1945
9/30
P.E. Kretzmann resigns from Concordia Sem




OLC App A
1946


ELS report on Doctrinal Affirmation: better than Declaration, but Brief Statement weakened as confessional basis
Brief Stmt, Doctrinal Affirmation


City 164
1946
05/20
PEK resigns seminary- ‘accepted regretfully’


PEK
Tower p186
1946
10/00
ALC convention: added Art II of ALC Conf of Faith as prereq to Declaration; imitating role of Missouri; we don't like Doct. Affirm - gives away too much of our Declaration
Doct. Affirm.


Fendt ;City 165
1946
11/14
Behnken addresses American Lutheran Conference conv: we need doctrinal unity for fellowship (!!)


Behnken
City 162
1946
12/00
Graebner writes letter to pastor- opinion on Doctrinal Affirmation: I don't want this adopted; like Brief Statement NOT a document that would adequately represent our church- too divisive, outdated, too brief, too fulsome, bad English
Doctrinal Affirmation (& Brief Statement)
Graebner
pg 83- 84 Fendt
1946
12/10
Praesidium letter to Behnken: after 3 mtgs with '44' reps- situation may result in division; Errors condemned & if not discipline, WHOLE UNITY OF MO. WOULD BE DISRUPTED


Romoser, McLaughlin,
City pg 161-162; HMF pg 48
1946
2/00
Behnken forms 'Ten and Ten' joint committee: Presidents- Barth, P.F. Bente, Boerger, Hardt, A.T. Kretzmann, Theo Laetsch, McLaughlan, Romoser, Steffen, Viehweg




HMF pg 48; City pg 161
1946
6/26
Buehring resigns ALC committee- told of Fritz using 'potato stomper' to force Brief Statement on ALC men; - did not like Reu's Selective Fellowship


Buehring
pg 77 Fendt
1946
7/00
Arndt reports committee members reaction to upcoming August ALC mtg- they want full doctrinal discussion; 'I want JOINT PRAYER'; - 'I'm in a DEEP FOG as to scope and meaning of joint prayer'


Arndt
pg 78- 79 Fendt
1946
8/23
ALC- LC-MS joint mtg of Committees; Lutheran Witness 11/5/46 reports D.A. abandoned;  official report of LCMS committee said D.A. eliminated by ALC as basis of unity; ALC- Doct. Affirm cancels our Declaration
Doctrinal Affirmation, Declaration


pg 65 Fendt; CTM 4/62 pg 204; City 165f
1946
9/23
Ten and Ten' LC-MS meeting of 44 and those who differed; Behnken writes letter (~1/18/47) to Missouri clergy; 44 did not retract, only withdrew




CTM  April 1962, pg 199
1946
9/25
'Ten and Ten' mtg: Graebner moves to adopt correct understanding of Rom 16:17,18; but Behnken, fearing split in Mo., discontinued mtgs and declared Statement was withdrawn


Behnken, Graebner
HMF pg 48




To be continued in part 2 next post...

Sources:

Events OLC=The Events and People Which Led to the Formation of The Orthodox Lutheran Conference of 1951: A Thesis by Todd Peperkorn 2/5/92  (CTS - BX 8061.O77 P36 1992)
Fendt = The Struggle for Lutheran Unity and Consolidation in the U.S.A. from the Late 1930's to the Early 1970's - Edward C. Fendt (Augsburg Publishing House, 1980; CTS BX8041.F35)
HMF= How AreThe Mighty Fallen - Gavin Winter - ELCR- Australia 1986
City= A CitySet On A Hill - ELS History by Th. Aaberg 1968
S.C. = Synodical Conference
CN = Christian News (Herman Otten)
CNE = Christian News Encyclopedia (Herman Otten)
CTM = Concordia Theological Monthly
Recall = ThisI Recall by J.W. Behnken 1964
Tower – LogCabin to Luther Tower- Concordia Seminary During 125 Years Toward a More Excellent Ministry 1839-1964 – C. S. Meyer

No comments:

Post a Comment

Comments only accepted when directly related to the post.