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Sunday, October 4, 2015

Walther's complaint — over "Lutheran Orthodoxy" (from Pieper's Dogmatik

      As I continued my project with Pieper's Christliche Dogmatik and neared the final pages of Volume 2, it struck me how close Pieper was to C.F.W. Walther's core teachings.  On page 652 (English ed. p. 540), Pieper discusses what I would call "Walther's complaint" against some later Lutheran dogmaticians who "clouded" the doctrine of justification by setting the object of faith to be Christ's merit, but not the remission of sins or justification.   Pieper had access to Walther's personal copy of his Baier-Walther Compendium and published Walther's personal notes which complained of some (but not all) of these later Lutheran teachers:
"The means of grace – the promise – is missing in the whole presentation" 
What is particularly surprising is that Pieper (and likely Walther) even included the great John Gerhard among those complained against. (See note # 1526 or note 71 in English ed.) I have commented previously about the weaknesses of John Gerhard, but this point concerning believing God's "forgiveness of sins", i.e. Justification, struck Walther particularly hard as The American Luther revitalized the Lutheran Church for our modern times.  This subject reminds me of the often repeated Apostles' Creed passage that I spoke in my youth: "I believe... in the forgiveness of sins."
      Walther wrote an essay in "Lehre und Wehre" in 1876 entitled "Is Absolution to be Pronounced Categorically or Hypothetically?".  In this essay Walther expressed his concern (i.e. his complaint) against several Lutheran dogmaticians and I am making the German language text available in a Google Doc for easy translation within the Chrome browser ... here.  Pieper referred to this essay more than once in his Dogmatik.  Walther had to go past the age of "Lutheran Orthodoxy" to fully "gather the luminous rays of the Gospel"... he had to go
Back To Luther!

Friday, October 2, 2015

Pernicious (and fatal) — erring in Justification (Pieper’s Dogmatik / Dogmatics)

      As I continue my project of presenting the full text of Franz Pieper's original German edition of his Christliche Dogmatik, I ran across the section concerning the Doctrine of Justification in volume 2, specifically about erring in this doctrine.  As I viewed the Google Translate version, the text kept jumping off the page... I compared this with the English edition text.  And I had to stop and present another blog post for Pieper to present his heart, the heart of Martin Luther, and the heart of all Christianity... in a nutshell.
      The section is entitled Die Schädlichkeit des Irrens in der Lehre von der Rechtfertigung.  You may click here to go to the exact location in the German edition.  Again it's best to use Google Chrome with Google Translate.   The subject is The Doctrine of Justification.
==>> But more to the point, what is the effect of erring on this doctrine?  <<==
  1. In the German heading (here), it is called "Schadlichkeit" or perniciousness.  
  2. In English edition (v. 2, p. 518) it is translated "Disastrous Results"
  1. In the German body text, it says that one who trusts in his own works for salvation is ausgeschlossen or excluded from the membership in the Christian church.
  2. In the English edition (again p. 518) it says "But error with regard to justification is in every case fatal". 
In other words, if you err in this doctrine, you are not a weak Christian, rather you are not a Christian, no matter what other circumstances remain with you.

      The other point to be made is that Pieper calls this erring a "perniciousness".   And I think this word adds the notion of subtleness about this error... one does not even realize what is happening when they fall away from the Christian faith... it comes on them like a thief in the night.
      If time permits, I may add another post where Pieper quotes Martin Luther on this point...

Friday, September 25, 2015

Pieper’s Dogmatik 1: Cross Ref English <-> German; How many religions in the world? ONLY 2! (p. 9)

     This is a continuation from the previous post publishing a hyperlinked Table of Contents that cross references the English edition to corresponding sections of the original German edition.
      I will never forget from the time I started reading Pieper 20 years ago how he simplifies all theology into only 2 religions in the world: (1) the religion of the Law, i.e. works, and (2) the religion of the Gospel, i.e. the Christian religion -- click on the highlighted section # 3 below, and translate it.  How those who err in theology hate this simplification!  But this is exactly what our Saviour meant when he said:
John 14:6 – I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.
Hmmm... that sounds like a good theme for a book titled Mere Christianity, a book which is  "often described as the most important defense of Christianity in the twentieth century" (search this phrase on Amazon review here).  But did C.S. Lewis, who is often credited for explaining Christianity, simplify it this way?...   no, I don't think so.  Could it be that C.S. Lewis's Christianity isn't quite as simple as Franz Pieper's Christianity?
     Here now is a directory for the cross references for all 3 of Pieper's volumes:
Volume 1  —  Volume 2a   —   Volume 2b  —  Volume 3
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Christliche Dogmatik, Volume 1
by Dr. Franz Pieper
The Nature and Character of Theology
(De Natura et Constitutione Theologiae.)
1. Our Position, p. 3  —  1. Die Verständigung über den Standpunkt, S. 1.
2. Religion in General, p. 7  —  2. Über Religion im allgemeinen, S. 6.
3. The Number of Religions in the World, p. 9  —  3. Die Zahl der Religionen in der Welt, S. 8.
4. The Sources of the Two Existing Religions, p. 19
5. The Cause of the Divisions Within Visible Christendom, p. 21
6. Christianity the Absolute Religion, p. 34  —  6. Das Christentum als absolute Religion, S. 36.
7. Christian Religion and Christian Theology, p. 40
8. Christian Theology, p. 41  —  8. Die christliche Theologie, S. 44.
11. Divisions of the Christian Doctrine, p. 76
A. Law and Gospel, p. 76  —  Gesetz und Evangelium, S. 84.
B. Fundamental and Non-Fundamental Doctrines, p. 80 — Fundamentale und nichtfundamentale Lehren, S. 89.
Primary and Secondary Fundamental Doctrines, p. 85  —  Primäre und sekundäre Fundamentallehren, S. 95
Non-Fundamental Doctrines, p. 91  —  Nichtfundamentale Lehren, S. 102.
C. Open Questions and Theological Problems, p. 93  —  Offene Fragen und theologische Probleme, S. 104.
12. The Church and Its Dogmas, p. 96  —  12. Die Kirche und die kirchlichen Dogmen, S. 168.
13. The Purpose of Christian Theology for Man, p. 103
14. The Means by Which Theology Accomplishes Its Purpose, p. 105
15. Theology and Science, p. 106  —  15. Theologie und Wissenschaft, S. 119.
16. Theology and Certainty, p. 110  —  16. Theologie und Gewißheit, S. 123.
17. Theology and Doctrinal Development, p. 129  —  17. Theologie und Lehrfortbildung, S. 147.
18. Theology and Doctrinal Liberty, p. 134  —  18. Theologie und Lehrfreiheit, S. 154.
19. Theology and System, p. 138  —  19. Theologie und System, S. 158.
20. Theology and Method, p. 149  —  20. Theologie und Methode, S. 172.
21. The Attainment of Theological Aptitude, p. 186  —  21. Die Erlangung der theologischen Tüchtigkeit, S. 228.
Holy Scripture
Die Heilige Schrift. (De Scriptura Sacra.)
1. Holy Scripture the Only Source and Norm of Christian Doctrine for the Church Today, p. 193
2. Holy Scripture Identical with the Word of God, p. 213
3. The Verbal Inspiration of Holy Scripture, p. 217
4. The Relation of the Holy Ghost to the Holy Writers, p. 228
5. Objections to the Doctrine of Inspiration, p. 232
6. On the History of the Doctrine of Inspiration, p. 265
7. Luther and the Inspiration of Holy Scripture, p. 276
8. A Brief Critique of Modem Theology in So Far as It Denies the Inspiration of Scripture, p. 298
9. The Consequences of the Denial of the Inspiration of Holy Scripture, p. 303
10. The Properties of Holy Scripture, p. 307  —  10. Die Eigenschaften der Heiligen Schrift, S. 371
1. Authority, p. 307  —  die göttliche Autorität, S. 371
2. Efficacy, p. 315  —  die göttliche Kraft, S. 381
3. Perfection, or Sufficiency, p. 317  —  die Vollkommenheit, S. 383
4. Perspicuity, p. 319  —  die Deutlichkeit, S. 386).
11. The Witness of History for Scripture, p. 330  —  11. Die geschichtliche Bezeugung der Schrift, S. 398
12. The Integrity of the Biblical Text, p. 338  —  12. Die Integrität des biblischen Textes, S. 408.
13. The Original Text of Holy Scripture and the Translations, p. 343
14. The Use of Scripture in Deciding Doctrinal Controversies, p. 349
15. The Authority of Scripture and the Confessions, p. 354
16. Holy Scripture and Exegesis, p. 359
The Doctrine of God
Die Lehre von Gott. (De Deo.)
1. The Natural Knowledge of God, p. 371  — 1. Die natürliche Gotteserkenntnis, S. 445.
2. The Christian Knowledge of God, p. 376  —  2. Die christliche Gotteserkenntnis, S. 451.
3. The Trinitarian Controversies, p. 381  —  3. Der Kampf der Kirche um die christliche Gotteserkenntnis, S. 457
[A. The Christian Church and Unitarianism, p. 382]  —  Der Kampf gegen die Leugner der drei Personen, S. 459.
[B. The Christian Church and Tritheism and Subordinationism, p. 384]
4. Objections to the Unity of the Godhead, p. 387
5. The Doctrine of the Trinity in the Old Testament, p. 393
6. The Trinity and Human Reason, p. 398
7. Ecclesiastical Terminology and the Christian Knowledge of God, p. 406
8. God’s Essence and Attributes, p. 427
A. The Relation of the Divine Essence to the Divine Attributes and of the Attributes to One Another, p. 428
B. Classifications of the Divine Attributes 4, p. 434
(1. Unity, p. 437 - die Einheit, S. 536; 2. Simplicity, p. 439 - Einfachheit, S. 538;  3. Immutability, p. 440 - Unveränderlichkeit, S. 540;  4. Infinity, p. 441 - Unendlichkeit, S. 542; Omnipresence, p. 442 - Allgegenwart, S. 543; Eternity, p. 445 - Ewigkeit, S. 547)
(Life, p. 447 -  Leben, S. 549;  Knowledge, p. 447 - Wissen, S. 549;  Wisdom, p. 452 - Weisheit, S. 556;  Attributes of the Divine Will, p. 453 - Verstand und Wille in Gott, S. 557;  Holiness, p. 456 - die Heiligkeit Gottes, S. 561;  Justice, p. 457 - die Gerechtigkeit, S. 561;  Truthfulness, p. 458 - die Wahrhaftigkeit, S. 563;  Power, p. 459 - die Macht, S. 564;  Goodness, p. 460 - Gottes Güte, Barmherzigkeit, Liebe, Gnade, Sanftmut, S. 565)
The Creation of the World and of Man
1. The Record of Creation, p. 467  —  1. Die Erkenntnisquelle der Lehre von der Schöpfung, S. 570
2. The Definition of Creation, p. 467  —   2. Wesen und Begriff der Schöpfung, S. 571
3. The Hexaemeron, p. 468  —  3. Der Zeitraum der Schöpfung, S. 572
4. The Order Observed in Creation, p. 469  —  4. Die Ordnung im Schöpfungswerk, S. 572
5. The Work of the Six Days, p. 470  —  5. Das Schöpfungswerk im einzelnen nach den Tagen, S. 574
(Dichotomy and Trichotomy, p. 476).  —  Dichotomie und Trichotomie, S. 581
(The Unity of the Human Race, p. 477). — Die Einheit des Menschengeschlechts, S. 582
(Special Questions Regarding the Biblical Account of Creation, p. 478).  —  Einzelnes zum biblischen Schöpfungsbericht, S. 583
(The Ultimate Purpose of the World, p. 479).  —  Der Endzweck der Welt, S. 585
(Closing Remarks, p. 479)  —  Schlußbemerkungen, S. 586
Divine Providence, or the Preservation and Government of the World
(De Providentia Dei.)
1. Definition of Divine Providence, p. 483  —  1. Der Begriff der göttlichen Vorsehung und Einwände dagegen, S. 587.
2. The Relation of Divine Providence to the Causae Secundae, p. 487  —  2. Das Verhältnis der göttlichen Vorsehung zu den causae secundae, S. 592.
3. Divine Providence and Sin, p. .489  —  3. Die göttliche Providenz und die Sünde, S. 595.
4. Does God Permit Men to Sin?, p. 490  —  4. Die göttliche Zulassung der Sünde, S. 596.
5. Divine Providence and Free Will, p. 491  —  5. Die göttliche Providenz und die menschliche Freiheit, S. 597.
Die Engel. (De Angelis.)
1. The Existence of Angels and the Time of Their Creation, p. 498  —  1. Die Existenz der Engel und die Zeit ihrer Erschaffung, S. 603.
2. The Name "Angel”, p. 499  —  2. Der Name der Engel, S. 603.
3. The Nature and the Properties of the Angels, p. 500  —  3. Beschaffenheit und Fähigkeiten der Engel, S. 604.
4. Number and Ranks of the Angels, p. 504  —  4. Zahl der Engel und Unterschiede unter denselben, S. 609.
5. Good and Evil Angels, p. 504  —  5. Gute und böse Engel, S. 610.
6. The Good Angels and Their Activity, p. 506  —  6. Die guten Engel und ihre Verrichtungen, S. 611.
7. The Evil Angels, Their Activities, and Their Eternal Punishment, p. 508  —  7. Die bösen Engel, ihre Verrichtungen und ihre ewige Strafe, S. 613.
The Doctrine of Man
Die Lehre vom Menschen. (Anthropologia.)
A. Man Before the Fall, p. 515  —  A. Der Mensch vor dem Fall (De statu hominis ante lapsum.)
1. Man Created in the Image of God, p. 515  —  1. Die Erschaffung nach dem göttlichen Ebenbilde, S. 617.
2. What Constituted the Image of God, p. 516  —  2. Der Inhalt des göttlichen Ebenbildes, S. 618.
3. Image of God in the Wider and in the Proper Sense, p. 518  —  3. Ebenbild Gottes im weiteren und eigentlichen Sinne, S. 621.
4. The Relation of the Divine Image to the Nature of Man, p. 520  —  4. Das Verhältnis des göttlichen Ebenbildes zur menschlichen Natur, S. 622.
5. Immediate Consequences of the Possession of the Divine Image, p. 521  —  5. Unmittelbare Folgen des göttlichen Ebenbildes im Menschen, S. 624.
6. The Purpose of the Divine Image, p. 523  —  6. Der Endzweck des göttlichen Ebenbildes, S. 625.
7. Woman and the Divine Image, p. 523  —  7. Das Weib und das göttliche Ebenbild, S. 626.
B. Man After the Fall, p. 526  —  B. Der Mensch nach dem Fall (De statu peccati).
a. On Sin in General, p. 528  —  Die Sünde im allgemeinen (De peccato in genere)
1. Definition of Sin, p. 528  —  1. Der Begriff der Sünde, S. 631.
2. The Divine Law and Sin, p. 529  —  2. Gesetz und Sünde, S. 633.
3. How the Divine Law is Made Known to Man, p. 531  —  3. Die Erkenntnis des göttlichen Gesetzes, das alle Menschen verbindet, S. 635.
4. The Cause of Sin, p. 533  —  4. Die Ursache der Sünde, S. 638.
5. The Consequences of Sin, p. 535  —  5. Die Folgen der Sünde, S. 641.
b. Original Sin, p. 538  —  Die Erbsünde (De peccato originali)
1. Definition of Original Sin, p. 538  —  1. Der Begriff der Erbsünde, S. 645.
2. The Effect of Hereditary Corruption on the Mind and Will of Man, p. 543  —  2. Die Wirkung des Erbverderbens auf den Verstand und Willen des Menschen, S. 652.
3. The Negative and the Positive Side of Original Corruption, p. 547  —  3. Die negative und positive Seite des Erbverderbens, S. 656.
4. The Subject of Hereditary Corruption, p. 550  —  4. Das Subjekt des Erbverderbens, S. 659.
5. The Effects of Original Corruption, p. 551  —  5. Die Folgen des erbsündlichen Verderbens, S. 661.
c. Actual Sin, p. .557  —  Die Tatsünden, S. 669
1. Definition of Actual Sin, p. 557  —  1. Name und Begriff der Tatsünden, S. 669.
2. The Causes of Actual Sin, p. 559  —  2. Die Ursachen der Tatsünden
3. The Scripture Doctrine of Offense, p. 561  —  3. Die Schriftlehre vom Ärgernis, S. 672.
4. The Scripture Doctrine of Temptation, p. 563  —  4. Die Schriftlehre von der Versuchung, S. 674.
5. Classification of Actual Sins, p. 564  —  5. Einteilungen und Benennungen der Tatsünden, S. 675
(The Relation of Peccati Actualia to the Conscience, p. 565)  —  b. die peccata actualia im Verhältnis zum Gewissen, S. 677 ;
(Sins Against God, Against the Neighbor, and Against Oneself, p. 566)  —   c. Einteilung der Sünden nach dem Objekt, S. 678 :
(Grievous and Less Grievous Sins, p. 567)   —  d. Einteilung der Sünden nach dem Grad, S. 678 ;
(Moral Sins and Venial Sins, p. 568)   —  e. peccata mortalia et venalia, S. 680 ;
(Dominant and Non-Dominant Sins, p. 569)  —   f. herrschende und nichtherrschende Sünde, S. 681 ;
(Partaking of Other Men’s Sins, 569)  —   g. die Teilnahme an fremden Sünden, S. 681 ;
(Sins Crying to Heaven, p. 570)  —   h. himmelschreiende Sünden peccata clamantia), S. 682 ;

(The Sin Against the Holy Ghost, p. 571]   —  i. die Sünde wider den Heiligen Geist, S. 683).
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      Just a reminder for those less familiar: Pieper's Dogmatics have been one of the standard textbooks for "Missouri Synod" seminarians ever since they were published – in German originally, then in English when translated.  So today's LC-MS pastors are familiar with these textbooks and either they follow them,... or more likely, they don't... and even scoff at them... like they do the Brief Statement.
      For anyone using these cross reference listings, they should be aware that I consider them an improvement on the original Contents listings for both the English and German editions.  I plan to use these listings for future references and have created a new label for them: "Christian Dogmatics".