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Thursday, December 5, 2013

Founding of Synodical Conference—Justification-1 (w/ Table of Contents): God did bless America!

As promised in the last blog post, this post begins a series presenting an English translation (from the German original) of the essay read at the founding meeting of the Synodical Conference in 1872.  (See this post to download original essay.) That meeting included the Missouri Synod, Wisconsin Synod, (Little) Norwegian Synod, and the Ohio Synod – see this blog post for a report on the Ohio Synod after they left the Synodical Conference.  I have given other background information in several other blog posts.

I do not expect most "Sasse-fied" theologians in today's English LC-MS to take note of this for today's LC-MS theologians (and President) are so enamored with Hermann Sasse, that they will only put this Lutheran Doctrine of Justification in historical context, that is their "historical context".  They will pass over the references to Scripture, the Confessions, and to Martin Luther... just like the old Iowa Synod passed over Scripture references (as Walther noted) and as Sasse passed over Franz Pieper's reference to this passage of Scripture:
The scripture cannot be broken. John 10:35
But you dear reader, if you consider yourself a Christian, cannot pass over this doctrine of Justification – it is a matter of spiritual life and death.

This English translation is dedicated to Prof. Roland Ziegler of Concordia Theological Seminary-Fort Wayne.  Why would I do this since he uses Sasse to judge the old (German) Missouri Synod?... since he is a coeditor for the published Hermann Sasse: In Statu Confessionis, vol. 3?  It is only because he also seems to understand C.F.W. Walther's theology, in contrast to most other teachers in the LC-MS.

There have been 2 other English translations of this essay in the past:
  1. The Ohio Synod in their Lutheran Standard magazine  1872-1874. This translation is somewhat broken and incomplete.
  2. Prof. Kurt Marquart († 2006)– Justification, Objective and Subjective : a translation ... Synodical Conference in 1872.  This translation may be copyrighted (?) 1982 and has a few areas needing correction.  [Currently available at CTS Bookstore; April 15, 2015 - available to download here on Archive.org]
So I have decided to provide my own translation and add hyperlinks to the many references.  This is an extensive project since the original text is almost 50 pages long.  But it will be a labor of love.  It will occupy many blog posts which will eventually be tied together with a Table of Contents at the bottom of this post.

The record of this essay is that it was not C.F.W. Walther who presented the Theses to the meeting (it was F.A. Schmidt)... but it has been testified that it was C.F.W. Walther who wrote it.  (For a discussion, read this document below, and see this blog post)  And the message it presents confirms that it could only have been from Walther... for he is The American Luther.

This is not an ordinary essay – it demonstrates how God blessed America, indeed all Christianity, through the faithful witness of this presentation.  Martin Luther wrote his 95 Theses in 1517 in Germany, Walther presented his 12 Theses in 1872 in America.  And it is a testimony to the fact that it was not just the old Missouri Synod who held to the true Lutheran doctrine of justification, but also the old Wisconsin Synod (WELS) and the old (Little) Norwegian Synod (now the ELS).
Prof. Theodore Graebner said in December 1939 that:
"... both Ohio and Iowa Synods for generations past have taught correctly this same doctrine [of objective justification].  As long ago as 1872 ... the public doctrine [of the A.L.C.– Ohio and Iowa Synods] in the areas here placed under suspicion has been the plain doctrine of Scripture as we teach it ourselves."
In this quote, Prof. Graebner was referring directly to this essay from 1872, the founding essay of the Synodical Conference.  Unfortunately his assertion that the Ohio and Iowa Synods (and later the A.L.C. conference) taught the pure doctrine of justification was a direct attack on the teaching of this essay... and gave birth to today's (English) LC-MS.

This version is intended to have the same emphasis of text as the original published German.  Although the whole essay is spiritually wonderful, I will highlight some text and add a few comments along the way.
Several hyperlinks are added, especially for references to Luther and the Lutheran Book of Concord.
Some paragraph breaks have been added similar to the other English translations.  Synchronizing notations have been added referencing the original German text and the other 2 English translations.  Notations spread throughout are as follows:
[SCR xx]= original Synodical Conference Report page #; download original PDF scan, DOC text
[KM xx]= Marquart translation page #;
[LS XXX/yy, xxx-y]= Lutheran Standard magazine translation: Volume/No., page-column #
The text is in a smaller Times font (and indented) to distinguish the essay from other text in the blog post, and to take up less screen space.  I will probably make each Part cover several pages from the original publication.
Soli Deo Gloria!  
BackToLuther, December 5, 2013

Part 1
===============  Synodical Conference–1872  ===============
by C.F.W. Walther
[SCR 20, KM 1], [LS XXX/21, 163-1]

A further subject which actively employed the Conference were the following theses
OVER THE DOCTRINE OF JUSTIFICATION.

To this absolutely essential doctrine the Conference devoted seven of its sessions, with particular reference to a controversy waged between the Norwegian Lutherans and the Augustana Synod.

Thesis 1: "The doctrine of justification is the most distinguished chief article of the Christian faith,  whose right knowledge for the salvation of individuals and whose clear proclamation for the welfare of the church as a whole is of incomparable importance and unconditional necessity."

Thesis 2: "The Reformation of the Church through Dr. Luther had its starting point in a renewed understanding, by God's grace, of the pure evangelical doctrine of justification and in the consequent uncorrupted proclamation of this article of faith."

Thesis 3: "In the pure doctrine of justification, as our Lutheran church has presented it again from God's Word and placed it on the lampstand, it is above all about these three points: 1) About the doctrine of the universal, perfect redemption of the world through Christ; 2) About the doctrine of the power and effectiveness of the means of grace; and 3) About the doctrine of faith."


These three theses are largely of an introductory nature, and what is emphasized here is that the article of justification is the kernel and [SCR 21] star of all doctrine, into which all other doctrines have grown into and from which they also flow back out.
= = = = = = continued in Part 2 = = = = = = = = =
Table of Contents 
(to be completed when translation is completed.)
Part 1 - My Intro; Theses 1 - 3: SCR pages 20-21
Part 2 - Discussion of Theses 1 and 2; SCR pages 21-29
Part 3 - Discussion of Thesis 3, 4; SCR pages 29-32
Part 4 - Luther's Galatians Commentary, all is done!; SCR pages 33-35
Part 5 - SCR pages 36-39
Part 6 - SCR pages 40-42: Thesis 4 and 5
Part 7 - SCR pages 43-45: Thesis 5
Part 8 - SCR pages 46-48
Part 9 - SCR pages 49-51
Part 10 - SCR pages 52-54
Part 11 - SCR pages 55-57
Part 12 - SCR pages 58-60
Part 13 - SCR pages 61-63
Part 14 - SCR pages 64-66
Part 15 - SCR pages 67-68 (Conclusion of essay translation)
Part 16a - Remarks - No Christianity, except...
Part 16b - Remarks on Prof. Kurt Marquart
  SCR 1872 - complete translated text in one window

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